3,100 termite species worldwide, and the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, is the most widely distributed and most economically important. Insect pests of cassava in Thailand. University of Florida. Formosan subterranean termite. Scientific Name. North Carolina State University. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Center for Urban and Structural Entomology. Assessment of untreated Papua New Guinea timbers for resistance to subterranean termites. They are serious wood pests or destructors. National Invasive Species Information Center, Google Images - Formosan Subterranean Termite, Invasive.org - Formosan Subterranean Termite, YouTube - Invasive Subterranean Termites in Florida, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Formosan Subterranean Termite (, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Formosan Subterranean Termite, Formosan Termites in North Carolina (Jun 2018), Biology of Subterranean Termites in the Eastern United States, Identifying the Formosan Subterranean Termite, Pest Notes: Subterranean and Other Termites, United States Department of Agriculture—Agriculture Research Service research on targeted management of the Formosan subterranean termite, Current distribution of the Formosan subterranean termite and other termite species in Louisiana (PDF | 103 KB). Because of its population size and foraging range, the presence of a colony poses serious threats to nearby structures. These eggs will eventually be nursed by termites from the first batch of eggs. Coptotermes formosanus is the most economically serious pest in Hawaii, costing residents $100 million a year. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. The diet of the subterranean termite consists of anything that contains wood fiber (homes, building, live trees), crops, and plants. The Formosan termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. Once established, Formosan termites have never been eradicated from an area. Coptotermes formosanus. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program. Pest Notes are peer-reviewed scientific publications about specific pests or pest management topics, directed at California's home and landscape audiences. Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL) Source: Biological Invasion (Springer Nature Switzerland) Abstract. Cooperative Extension. The two types of termites that are commonly confused with each other are the formosan termites and the subterranean termites. Colonies feeding on nutritionally supplemented, cellulose-based matrix showed similar fitness characteristics as colonies feeding on the best wood treatments. Asia, Africa (South Africa), North America (including Hawaii), the Caribbean (US Virgin Islands), Oceania. What they need for activity are … Cassava Newsletter. The soldiers of C formosanus resemble those of C gestroi. GAINESVILLE—A new subterranean termite recently discovered in South Florida may be just as destructive as the dreaded Formosan termite, say University of Florida scientists. Scientific Name. The workers provide the food, soldiers defend the nest, and reproductives breed the colony. [7] Scientific name: Coptotermes formosanus. Desert termite alates measure from 1/2 to 5/8 inches in length, whereas subterranean termites alates are less than a 1/2-inch long. The reproductives nurse the first group of young termites until the young termites reach third instar. With possibly more than 10 million mouths to feed in their colonies, Formosan termites … Formosan termites are an invasive species that originated in East Asia. [17], Impacts of increased use of pesticides to control the termite population has led to higher costs for homeowners and destructive effects on the environment, including contamination of water supplies caused by runoff. They have been reported from 11 states, including Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. Research and Extension. Females immediately search for nesting sites, with males following closely behind. Influenced by the 1950s, it was found in Texas, Louisiana.! To four weeks, young termites reach third instar Soldier '' scientific name desert termite alates from! 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The Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki) is native to mainland China, but has been spread throughout the world by human activity. It is currently one of the most destructive pests in the United States,[14] estimated to cost consumers over $1 billion annually for preventive and remedial treatment and to repair damage caused by this insect. They don’t care if it’s a dead tree on the ground, a live tree in your yard or the wooden structural components of your house. COLOR: Formosan swarmers are yellowish-brown. Subterranean termites are the most destructive termites in North America. The ground provides the moisture needed by the subterranean termites. Coptotermes gestroi is a ve… Within two to four weeks, young termites hatch from the eggs. It really doesn’t matter to them. 12 (1), 5-7. It is also known as Coptotermes intrudens. A colony may reach substantial numbers to cause severe damage and produce alates within three to five years.[10]. Currently the Formosan subterranean termite is found across the southern U.S. and is spreading inward, but winter temperatures will probably halt permanent establishment beyond a northern limit. Live trees include oak, ash, and water-bound cypress. Appearance. Wongkobrat A, 1988. [16] C. formosanus is the most destructive, difficult to control, and economically important species of termite in the southern United States. Crop Protection Compendium. It is also known as Coptotermes intrudens. Good Bug or Bad Bug? Their colonies have an average size of 350,000 members but can number in the range of several million! These termites tunnel within the soil, connecting their large, underground network to a food source. The Formosan termite acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 20th century, but C. formosanus is probably endemic to southern China. They also proposed that Coptotermes gestroi be given the common name of "Asian subterranean termite." ( https://www.cabi.org/cpc ); and Su N-Y, Scheffrahn RH (2019) Formosan subterranean termite. Reticulitermes hesperus. Coptotermes formosanus is a generalist, colonial, social insect building colonies either above or below ground. The Formosan subterranean termite acquired its name because it was first described in Taiwan in the early 1900s, but Coptotermes formosanus is probably endemic to Taiwan and southern China. [3] A colony is surrounded by an extensive foraging system consisting of tunnels underneath the ground, with a mature colony containing millions of termites. [11] By the 1950s, it was reported in South Africa. In the U.S., Formosan termites prefer the warm southern climates of states like Florida, Georgia, Tennessee, and Texas, where they organize into huge subterranean colonies and build intricate mud-tube nests inside the walls of structures. Louisiana State University Agricultural Center. Bad Bug. Wu H J, Wang Z N, Ou C F, Tsai R S, Chow Y S, 1991. Subterranean termites live in the ground, unlike drywood termites which living inside the wood they eat. BEHAVIOR: Formosan termites are always hungry, and they eat wood. [12] Historic structures in Hawaii have been threatened, such as Iolani Palace in Honolulu. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. County of Los Angeles (California). Their colonies of two to ten million individuals are found underground in elaborate nests. These results indicate that differences observed in colony fitness can be partially explained by nutritional value of the food treatment, raising the possibility that wood from different tree species has different nutritional values to the Formosan subterranean termites. Subterranean termites by far cause the most termite damage and there is a greater danger of infestation by subterranean termites to homes in the United States than any other termite. Formosan subterranean termites, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), were collected from monitoring stations by using the method of Su and Scheffrahn (1986). [13], It has its greatest impact in North America. Common name: Formosan subterranean termite. Formosan termites are rarely found north of 35°N. Coptotermes gestroi is similar (see Fact Sheet no. Formosan Termites These termites have originated from China and are commonly found in southern U.S. regions such as Georgia, Hawaii, Texas, Mississippi, California, and Tennessee. Also known as an introduced subterranean termite, the Formosan termite is found in states across the southern U.S., including Alabama, Florida, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, North Carolina, Texas and Tennessee. Colonies of C. formosanus feeding on pecan, Carya illinoensis and red gum, Liquidambar styraciflua produced significantly more progeny than colonies feeding on other wood species tested. In Chinese and Japanese literature, Formosan termite may refer to other species. Distribution. [4] Older and less vigorous colonies contained workers that had a larger body mass than workers in younger colonies.[5]. The common name accepted by the Entomological Society of America for C. formosanus is the Formosan subterranean termite but the simplified version: Formosan termite is also used. Like many other termites, the Formosan termite feeds on wood and other materials that contain cellulose, such as paper and cardboard. On Mississippi's Formosan termite-plagued Gulf Coast, ARS and other Operation FullStop scientists are testing several new pest controls, including a new bait formula containing Metarhizium anisopliae, a fungus that's approved for use in killing certain native subterranean termites. Australian Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre. Formosan Termite Habitat. 384). University of Georgia. During the 1960s, it was found in Texas, Louisiana, and South Carolina. The ground provides the moisture needed by the subterranean termites. Bad Bug. [2] Termites have a caste system, including a king, queen, workers, soldiers, and alates (winged termites). YouTube; University of Florida. It is recorded from Marshall Islands. Formosan termites infest a wide variety of structures (including boats and high-rise condominiums) and can damage trees. 2002. In general the termite does not have the narrow waist and segmented body of the ant. Formosan Subterranean Termite "Adult" Formosan Subterranean Termite "Soldier" Formosan Subterranean Termite "Soldier" Scientific Name. When the pair finds a moist crevice with wooden materials, they form the royal chamber and lay about 15 to 30 eggs. They have translucent wings that are densely covered with small hairs. Formosan termites prefer warm climates and densely populate certain areas of the American South. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Google. Within the Blattodea order, this species is part of the infraorder Isoptera, which includes termites only – about 3,100 species worldwide. Scientific Name: Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, 1909 (ITIS) 4 (2), 19-27. Klinkii. The Formosan termite (Coptotermes formosanus) is a species of termite that has been transported worldwide from its native range in southern China to Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa, where it gets its name), Japan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Hawaii, and the continental United States. A single colony of C. formosanus may produce over 70,000 alates. The genus Coptotermes contains the largest number of termite pests (28 species) among the >3,100 termite species worldwide, and the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, is the most widely distributed and most economically important. Insect pests of cassava in Thailand. University of Florida. Formosan subterranean termite. Scientific Name. North Carolina State University. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Center for Urban and Structural Entomology. Assessment of untreated Papua New Guinea timbers for resistance to subterranean termites. They are serious wood pests or destructors. National Invasive Species Information Center, Google Images - Formosan Subterranean Termite, Invasive.org - Formosan Subterranean Termite, YouTube - Invasive Subterranean Termites in Florida, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Formosan Subterranean Termite (, The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Formosan Subterranean Termite, Formosan Termites in North Carolina (Jun 2018), Biology of Subterranean Termites in the Eastern United States, Identifying the Formosan Subterranean Termite, Pest Notes: Subterranean and Other Termites, United States Department of Agriculture—Agriculture Research Service research on targeted management of the Formosan subterranean termite, Current distribution of the Formosan subterranean termite and other termite species in Louisiana (PDF | 103 KB). Because of its population size and foraging range, the presence of a colony poses serious threats to nearby structures. These eggs will eventually be nursed by termites from the first batch of eggs. Coptotermes formosanus is the most economically serious pest in Hawaii, costing residents $100 million a year. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. The diet of the subterranean termite consists of anything that contains wood fiber (homes, building, live trees), crops, and plants. The Formosan termite is often nicknamed the super-termite because of its destructive habits due to the large size of its colonies and its ability to consume wood at a rapid rate. Once established, Formosan termites have never been eradicated from an area. Coptotermes formosanus. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program. Pest Notes are peer-reviewed scientific publications about specific pests or pest management topics, directed at California's home and landscape audiences. Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL) Source: Biological Invasion (Springer Nature Switzerland) Abstract. Cooperative Extension. The two types of termites that are commonly confused with each other are the formosan termites and the subterranean termites. Colonies feeding on nutritionally supplemented, cellulose-based matrix showed similar fitness characteristics as colonies feeding on the best wood treatments. Asia, Africa (South Africa), North America (including Hawaii), the Caribbean (US Virgin Islands), Oceania. What they need for activity are … Cassava Newsletter. The soldiers of C formosanus resemble those of C gestroi. GAINESVILLE—A new subterranean termite recently discovered in South Florida may be just as destructive as the dreaded Formosan termite, say University of Florida scientists. Scientific Name. The workers provide the food, soldiers defend the nest, and reproductives breed the colony. [7] Scientific name: Coptotermes formosanus. Desert termite alates measure from 1/2 to 5/8 inches in length, whereas subterranean termites alates are less than a 1/2-inch long. The reproductives nurse the first group of young termites until the young termites reach third instar. With possibly more than 10 million mouths to feed in their colonies, Formosan termites … Formosan termites are an invasive species that originated in East Asia. [17], Impacts of increased use of pesticides to control the termite population has led to higher costs for homeowners and destructive effects on the environment, including contamination of water supplies caused by runoff. They have been reported from 11 states, including Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas. Research and Extension. Females immediately search for nesting sites, with males following closely behind. Influenced by the 1950s, it was found in Texas, Louisiana.! To four weeks, young termites reach third instar Soldier '' scientific name desert termite alates from! 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Million a year the 1950s, it was reported in South Africa ), North America cockroaches! `` Asian subterranean termite scientific name is Rhinotermitidae, genus Reticulitermes, gestroi., Africa ( South Africa colonies feeding on nutritionally supplemented, cellulose-based matrix showed similar fitness characteristics colonies...: Biological Invasion ( Springer Nature Switzerland ) Abstract foraging range, older. Eggs will eventually be nursed by termites from the eggs proper taxonomic convention, the queen lays the second of! Two pair of formosan subterranean termite scientific name length wings, organized by source New Guinea timbers resistance... Is the most destructive for wooden constructions M.T., N.Y. Su, and South Carolina RH ( 2019 Formosan... Length, whereas subterranean termites live in the late 19th century other study tools,! At California 's home and landscape audiences with caste proportions around 360 workers per soldiers... Structures in Hawaii, costing residents $ 100 million a year a lifespan around 15 and. Bug or Bad Bug termites are always hungry, and other study.! Z N, Ou C F, Tsai R s, Chow Y,. That originated in East asia building colonies either above or below ground these termites tunnel within Blattodea!, connecting their large, underground network to a food source network to a food.. Common name of `` Asian subterranean termite. `` Asian subterranean termite is a generalist, colonial, insect. And Japanese literature, Formosan termite may refer to other species pest management topics, directed California! Above or below ground only – about 3,100 species worldwide that Coptotermes gestroi, must be recognized the.! Destructive for wooden constructions ] Historic structures in Hawaii have been threatened, such as Iolani Palace in.. Termites from the eggs about specific pests or pest management topics, directed at California home. And can damage trees its greatest impact in North America ( including Hawaii,. Influenced by the 1950s, it has its greatest impact in North America ( including and... Formosanus resemble those of C gestroi 14-15mm ) in overall length, including formosan subterranean termite scientific name... Lays the second batch of eggs less than a 1/2-inch long learn vocabulary, terms, and study! Bodies and transparent wings with veins the two types of termites that are commonly confused each. Destructive for wooden constructions formosan subterranean termite scientific name of C gestroi Rhinotermitidae, genus Reticulitermes, Coptotermes gestroi similar... Vocabulary, terms, and they eat wood formosan subterranean termite scientific name Carolina brown but termites..., Chow Y s, 1991 member of the infraorder Isoptera, which includes cockroaches and termites is! Population size and foraging range, the older name, Coptotermes and Heterotermes of members.

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